- When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt;
Then the father in law of Moses heard all that God had done through and with Moses
- then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took Zipporah, Moses’ wife, after he had sent her back,
- and her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom [a stranger there]; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land:
- and the name of the other was Eliezer [my God is an help]; for the God of my father, said he, was mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh:
Then he took zipporah, his daughter who was Moses’ wife, after Moses had sent her back (probably from the inn, because there was no record of her in Egypt or maybe he sent her back for protection from the plagues) and he took her two sons along with her of which one was Gershon (stranger) because he was a stranger in a strange land, and the second, Eliezer (my God is my help) because the Lord God was his help and delivered him from the hands of pharaoh (when pharaoh wanted to kill him and he fled after killing an Egyptian).
- and Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God:
And the wife and children were brought unto him by the mountain of God…by his father in law.
- and he said unto Moses, I thy father-in-law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her.
And he called unto Moses -most likely from a distance and said…I am your father in-law Jethro and I have brought your wife and children.
- And Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent.
Moses then went out to him, paid him respect and kissed him then they both asked how each other had been and they came into the tent
- And Moses told his father-in-law all that the Lord had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel’s sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the Lord delivered them.
Moses then told Jethro all the lord had done unto them and to pharaoh, all their travail and how the lord dealt with them.
- And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which the Lord had done to Israel, whom he had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians.
- And Jethro said, Blessed be the Lord, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.
And Jethro rejoiced because of what the lord had done for Israel whom He delivered from the hand of the Egyptians.
- Now I know that the Lord is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them.
Now I know the Lord is the greatest, because the thing Egypt had their pride in, he even did it better than them to them as well.
- And Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses’ father-in-law before God.
And Jethro sacrificed to God by giving a burnt offering. Then Aaron and all the elders of Israel came and ate with Jethro in the presence of God.
- And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening.
The next day, Moses stood before the children of Israel to judge them. And they all stood from morning to evening I’m guessing on a queue while he sat.
- And when Moses’ father-in-law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this thing that thou doest to the people? Why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand by thee from morning unto even?
When Jethro saw what was happening, he then questioned Moses and asked…what are you doing that only you sits and the others stand all day?
- And Moses said unto his father-in-law, Because the people come unto me to inquire of God:
And he said…they have come to me to ask them of things from God. (Meaning the way it was done then, was when you want to enquire, you are to go and stand before one whom the lord hath sent.
- when they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.
When there is a situation, they come to me and I act as a judge between the two parties and I make them know the rules and laws of God (concerning the matter they have brought to me)
- And Moses’ father-in-law said unto him, The thing that thou doest is not good.
And Jethro said…this thing you’re doing is not good.
- Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee: for this thing is too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone.
You and these people will be tired. It is too burdensome for you, and you cannot do it alone.
- Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee : Be thou for the people to Godward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God
Listen to me, let me advice you and God will bless you. Be there for the people in front of God. (Which might include interceding) Take the serious matters to God
- and thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt show them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do.
But you will teach them the rules and laws and show them the way they should walk and tell them what they are to do.
- Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:
Pick out of them…able men that fear God, truthful men that hate covetousness and bribery, make them in charge of the others. There should be one in charge of ten, fifty, hundreds, thousands as it may be.
- and let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear the burden with thee.
Let them judge the people every time. But any matter they cannot handle, they will bring to you. They will handle the smaller matters themselves. That way it is easier for you, as they help you share the burden.
- If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee so, then thou shalt be able to endure, and all this people shall also go to their place in peace.
If you do it, and God commands, you will endure and not tire and successfully get this people to their place in peace.
- So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father-in-law, and did all that he had said.
And Moses listened to Jethro.
- And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
Moses then chose people and made them heads.
- And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.
And they judged the people at all times and brought only tough matters to Moses.
- And Moses let his father-in-law depart; and he went his way into his own land.
And Moses let his father in-law return to Midian.
(The chapter didn’t even say anything about Moses mingling with his family or children or wife)