- And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the Lord, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink.
I don’t know why that place was named the wilderness of sin, but anyway, Israel journeyed from there and camped at rehpidim, and there was no water for them there.
- Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the Lord?
And the people were angry and blaming Moses and said…like an order…give us water to drink. Is he a spring? And Moses said…why are you blaming me? Why are you tempting God…(blaming him is giving him the glory in a way. Saying you took us out of Egypt and brought us here to die…so…).
- And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?
And the people remained thirsty there and spoke against Moses saying…you’ve brought us here to kill us.
- And Moses cried unto the Lord, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.
And Moses asked God, what do I do to these people, they will stone me if given the chance.
- And the Lord said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go.
Go, to the presence of the people with their elders. And take your rod with you. The rod must be there.
- Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
I will stand on a rock in Horeb, and you will hit the rock (remember, God was on the rock) and water will come out of it. For people to drink, and Moses did, in their presence.
- And he called the name of the place Massah [temptation], and Meribah [chiding or strife], because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the Lord, saying, Is the Lord among us, or not?
Then the place was named massah (tempt) and meribah (chide) because Israel tempted the Lord, asking if he was with us or not (after all the signs hey had seen)
- Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.
Then the people of amalek came and fought against Israel there in rehpidim.
- And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand.
Moses told one named Joshua…take some men, go out and confront amalek in battle. I will stand on the hill with this rod of God in my hand.
- So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.
Joshua obeyed, took men and fought with amalek while Moses, Aaron and hur went to the top of the hill.
- And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.
When the battle began…when the hand of Moses was lifted up with the rod in it, Israel dominated but when his hands got tired and he dropped them, amalek dominated.
- But Moses’ hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.
But the hand of Moses was heavy and so Aaron and hur took a stone and put it beneath him for him to sit, then Aaron held one hand for him and so did hur. So the hands of Moses with the rod in it stayed up till evening.
(There are some journeys one shouldn’t embark on alone. If Moses was alone and there was no one to help him in this situation, Israel would have lost)
- And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.
Joshua defeated amalek with the sword.
- And the Lord said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.
And the lord told Moses, write this in a book that it may be remembered. Keep saying it into the ears of Joshua. Because no one will remember amalek (only through the book will someone know that an ‘ amalek’ existed)
- And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovah-nissi [the Lord my banner]:
And Moses built an altar and named it Jehovah-nissi. ….the lord is my banner (like a flag lifted up)
- for he said, Because the Lord hath sworn that the Lord will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.
Because the lord himself will war against amalek all their generations.