Exodus Chapter 14 (Review)

  1. And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,
  2. Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baal-zephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea.

And the Lord conversed and said to Moses, let the children of Israel turn towards pi-hahiroth which is between Magog and the Red Sea, that they may set up tents there.

  1. For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in.

Because pharaoh will say, ‘they are trapped’.

  1. And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honored upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the Lord. And they did so.

And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, that he may chase, and I will be given all the honour for what will happen and the Egyptians will know that I AM the Lord.

  1. And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?

And it was told unto Pharaoh, that the children of Israel had escaped. And pharaoh and his servants said….why did we let them go…why did we stop he, from serving us?

  1. And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him:

And his chariot was set. He and his warriors.

  1. and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

And they took all the chariots of Egypt, in addition to 600 which he chose, and each one had a captain.

  1. And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with a high hand.

And pharaohs heart was hardened and he pursued after the children of Israel.

  1. But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-zephon.

Pharaohs army, chariots and horsemen chased and caught up with the children of Israel.

  1. And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto the Lord.

When pharaoh and his team came close, and the children of Israel head horse hooves and the sound of an army approaching, they became very afraid and they cried unto the Lord.

  1. And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt?

And they now attacked Moses, saying…you brought us here to die. Why did you do this to us and bring us out of Egypt. There we would have died of labour, but here we will die by the sword.

  1. Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.

We told you before to leave us alone in Egypt that we may continue doing what we were doing, you didn’t listen.

  1. And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will show to you today: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen today, ye shall see them again no more for ever.

And Moses said, do not be afraid, STAND STILL and see how the lord will save you. These Egyptians you see approaching us, you will never see them again.

  1. The Lord shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.

THELORD SHALL FIGHT FOR YOU, AND YOU SHALL HOLD YOUR PEACE.

  1. And the Lord said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward:

And the lord told Moses….WHY ARE YOU CRYING TO ME?, MOVE FORWARD!!! (To the children of Israel)

Why should you cry unto God when no step has been taken? Move forward first and see what the Lord can do.

  1. but lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

But you Moses, stretch for the rod in your hand, divide the sea and the children of Israel Will go on dry ground through the sea.

  1. And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honor upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

And I will harden the heart of the Egyptians to pursue still, and I will take all the glory for what happens next.

  1. And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I have gotten me honor upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

And the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord afterwards.

  1. And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them:

And the Angel of God that led them and the pillar of cloud before them as well went behind them

  1. and it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.

And the pillar of cloud was between the Egyptians and the children of Israel.
To the Egyptians, it became a cloud and it brought darkness to them and they were unable to see, but to the children of Israel, there was light at their end. Just to create enough distance amongst them. This journey was taking place in the night.
The Angel was the pillar of fire. The pillar of cloud clouded the Egyptians and the pillar of fire shone light to the children of Israel.

  1. And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

Moses obeyed and stretched forth his hand (with the rod in it) over the sea and that very night, the strong east wind blew the sea and the sea became dry land. The waters indeed divided.

  1. And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.
  2. And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

The children of Israel then marched through the dry land, and the waters were a wall on both the left and right. And the Egyptians pursued, through the sea as well, all of pharaohs chariots, horses and horsemen.

1414

  1. And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the Lord looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians,

In the morning, the Lord looked at the Egyptians through both the pillar of cloud and that of fire (the Angel) and the lord troubled them.

  1. and took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the Lord fighteth for them against the Egyptians.

And God first took off their chariot wheels (some translations say the wheels were jammed/held down, so they just did not roll). So the chariots were part stuck, unless they were dragged to move.
And some of the Egyptians Said, let us flee. God is fighting for the Israel.

What made it obvious that it wasn’t coincidence was that it all happened at once. All the 600+ chariots had the same ‘malfunction’ at exactly the same time.

  1. And the Lord said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen.

And the lord told Moses stretch forth your hand (with your rod in it) so the waters will be released upon the Egyptians, even as they are stuck.
God gave him the power to destroy his enemies.

  1. And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the Lord overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.

And Moses listened and the sea regained its strength and had tides again. The Egyptians tried escaping, but the Lord shook them off in the middle of the sea.

  1. And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.

The waters then came to its normal self, and covered up the chariots, horses and host of pharaoh and none of them survived.

Pharaoh was part of this destruction because vs 23 says ‘all’. All were in the sea. (Some people say that pharaoh escaped)

  1. But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

But when the children of Israel walked through, there was a wall, but to the Egyptians it was their end.

  1. Thus the Lord saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the seashore.

In the morning, they saw the Egyptians corpses washed to shore.

  1. And Israel saw that great work which the Lord did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the Lord, and believed the Lord, and his servant Moses.

And Israel saw the powerful thing the lord had done to the Egyptians, and they feared and believed the Lord and believed Moses as well.
This whole time, Moses wasn’t believed.

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