Exodus Chapter 12 (Review)

  1. And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
  2. This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

And the Lord spoke unto Moses (which Moses would later relate unto Aaron). This will be the first month to you. We are starting a new year.

  1. Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for a house :

Tell the children of Israel…on the 10th day of this first month, (in 9 days’ time), every man will take a lamb, according to his house. One lamb per house.

  1. and if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls ; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.

If one family is too little for the lamb (or the lamb is too much for the house), he and his immediate neighbour should take it, according to the number of people in the houses. They’d take it, measuring a portion they can consume.

  1. Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

The lambs must be pure in their colour, a one year old male, and you will take it from the sheep or goats.

  1. and ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

Keep it until the 14th (13 days from now), on the evening of that day, everybody will kill their sheep/goat (so they’ll have to keep the lamb/goat for 4 days).

  1. And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper doorpost of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.

They will take the blood and swipe it (not dab), swipe it on the left side, right side and topmost side of their door post, wherein the meal will be eaten.

  1. And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

They will eat the lamb that night, it must be roasted, and it should be with non-yeast bread, and bitter herbs.

  1. Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.

It must not be raw, neither must it be boiled. It must be roasted. The head, legs and its insides…all roasted.

  1. And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.

Nothing should remain. You must eat it all. That’s why if it’s too much for you, you have to pair up with someone. And if peradventure there are remains, then they should be burnt in the morning.

  1. And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the Lord’s passover.

You will eat it being full dressed. Trousers up and tightened, shoes on, and your staff in your Hand because you will eat it quickly. It is the lords Passover. (A Passover probable signifies that in a literal sense, the Lord will pass over…that is why it is like a feast).

12

  1. For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord.

I will pass through the land of Egypt, and take the lives of all the firstborns or both human and animal, and I will execute judgement on all the gods of Egypt. For I AM the Lord.

  1. And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

The blood shall be as a sign/evidence when I pass through and when I see the blood, I will Passover you and the plague will not destroy you when I am destroying Egypt (Now even as God is coming in rage and fury, no matter how uncontrolled he may seem to be, when he sees the blood, he doesn’t harm those who used it to swipe their door posts).

  1. And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord throughout your generations: ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

That day will be a memorial for you all. All through all your generations, you must keep this feast every year.

  1. Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

For a week, you will eat bread without yeast, and on the first day, there shouldn’t even be yeast in your house. And whosoever eats bread with yeast during that period will be separated from Israel.

  1. And in the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.

In the first day, and on the seventh day, there will be a holy assembly. No form of work must be done on these two days. The only thing permitted to be done is that of the food which will be eaten that day (maybe the killing and cooking or whatsoever of the food).

  1. And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.

It will be called the feast of un-yeasted-bread. And you will observe it every year, because that very day is the day which I brought you out of Egypt (or rather, it will be celebrated every year on the day which I brought you out from Egypt)

  1. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

On the 14th of the first month, in the evening, you will eat un-yeasted-bread till the 21st of the month (1 week).

  1. Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.

Whoever even has yeast in his house during this period, whether he be a stranger or not, he will no longer be a part of Israel.

  1. Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.
  2. Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover.

Moses then called the elders of Israel and instructed them to take a lamb according to what their families can eat and to kill for the Passover.

  1. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

Then you will take a bunch of hyssopus leaves and dip it in the blood in the basin, and swipe it on your left side, right side and topper most part of your door post and none of you must go out till morning.

12

  1. For the Lord will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the Lord will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.

So when the lord passes through the city to smite Egypt, when he sees the blood, the ‘destroyer’ will not come to your homes.

  1. And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.

Observe that day every year forever more.

  1. And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the Lord will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.

Even when you go to the land the Lord will give you, it must still be observed.

  1. And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service?
  2. That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord’s passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

When your children out of curiosity ask what it means and what its significance is, you will say it is a memorial of the day the Lord passed through the Egypt, smote them and delivered us. After the speech by Moses, the people worshipped.

  1. And the children of Israel went away, and did as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

And they went away and did as God had commanded.

  1. And it came to pass, that at midnight the Lord smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.

And at midnight of the day the Lord said it would happen, it happened. The lord smote all the firstborns of all Egyptians, both human and animals. Even into the first born of captives.

  1. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt: for there was not a house where there was not one dead.

And pharaoh and all his servants came out and there was a great cry in Egypt because here was death in every house.

  1. And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the Lord, as ye have said.
  2. Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.

And he called for Moses and Aaron that night and said…go with your people, the flock, everything. Go and serve your God, and bless me.

  1. And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men.

And the Egyptians were making things fast and urgent. That the children of Israel shouldn’t stay any more. They said to themselves, if they don’t go, we are dead men.

  1. And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.

And the people took their dough before it rose, and the kneading troughs as well and wrapped it in their clothes and out upon their shoulders.

  1. And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment:

The children of Israel had borrowed the jewels of gold and silver and the clothes that Moses asked them to borrow.

  1. and the Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required: and they spoiled the Egyptians.

The Egyptians gave them because God made them find Favour before the eyes of the Egyptians.
And they spoiled the Egyptians.

  1. And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses (he place in Egypt which they built) to succoth. They were about 600,000men excluding children.

  1. And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

And with them also were herd, cattle, flock as well. Non-Children-of-Israel went with them as well ‘mixed multitude’. Those who believed.

  1. And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victuals.

And they carried bread that didn’t rise, out of Egypt, because the Egyptians hurried them out.

  1. Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

The children of Israel stayed in Egypt for 430 years. Since the time of Joseph.

  1. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.

And after exactly 430 years, they left Egypt.

  1. It is a night to be much observed unto the Lord for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the Lord to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.

It was a night they would give unto the lord for bringing them out of slavery. A night that is to be celebrated by them for all generations. A watch night.

  1. And the Lord said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover : There shall no stranger eat thereof:

And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, the rule of the Passover is that it is not eaten by strangers.

  1. but every man’s servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

But every man’s servant that is bought for money must eat, once he is circumcised.

  1. A foreigner and a hired servant shall not eat thereof.

No foreigner or hired servant is to eat it (now they just left slavery, but God has given them a hint that they would begin to have their own slaves as well).

  1. In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth aught of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.

It will be eaten in one house. The meat must not be carried out of that house. Neither should any bone of it (the lamb/goat) be broken.

  1. All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.

Everyone of Israel must keep it.

  1. And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

When a stranger comes to live with you for a while, If he wants to be part of the Passover, all the males of his house should be circumcised. Then he can eat of it. He will be like one that is born in the land. And no I circumcised person is to eat of it.

  1. One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.

The same law guides the citizen and the stranger

  1. Thus did all the children of Israel; as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

And they all obeyed.

  1. And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the Lord did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.

That very day, the lord brought out the children of Israel by their armies/families.

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