Genesis Chapter 42 (Review)

  1. Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another?

Then Israel heard there was corn in Egypt and he told his sons…why are you just sitting down and looking at each other?

  1. And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die.

I have heard there is corn in Egypt. Go down there and buy for us from there so that we won’t die.

  1. And Joseph’s ten brethren went down to buy corn in Egypt.

And 10 of his brothers went DOWN to Egypt.

  1. But Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, Jacob sent not with his brethren; for he said, Lest peradventure mischief befall him.

But Israel did not let Benjamin go with them. That’s why they were 10, he was bothered that something may happen to Benjamin. Considering that to him, Joseph was now dead, Benjamin became the son of his old age.

  1. And the sons of Israel came to buy corn among those that came: for the famine was in the land of Canaan.

And the sons of Israel were among the people who came to buy from Egypt.

  1. And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph’s brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth.

And Joseph was the governor of the land (but know that he was called by the name pharaoh gave him). He himself sold to all the people of the land. And his brothers came before him, and bowed down before him. Face to the ground.

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  1. And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye ? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.

And he saw them, and recognized them. But he acted as a total stranger and he spoke unto them with a harsh tone.
And he asked…where are you coming from? And they said they came in from the land of Canaan to buy food.

  1. And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.

And Joseph recognized them…but they did not recognize him.

  1. And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them, Ye are spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.

And then he remembered his dreams…but still speaking harshly to them, he said…you are spies and have come to see what Egypt has in store and its loopholes.

  1. And they said unto him, Nay, my lord, but to buy food are thy servants come.

And they said. No lord. We -your servants just came to buy food.

  1. We are all one man’s sons; we are true men; thy servants are no spies.

We all come from one man. We are not spies.

  1. And he said unto them, Nay, but to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.

And he said. I believe you not. All I know is that you are spies. Things were escalating.

  1. And they said, Thy servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and, behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one is not

And they said…we are 12, the youngest is with our father, but one of us ‘is not’…same was as it was used for Enoch and the same way it was used when Reuben came and couldn’t find Joseph. So it means…’not found’. And when one is not found, it’s as good as being dead.

  1. And Joseph said unto them, That is it that I spake unto you, saying, Ye are spies:

And Joseph took his stand and said. You are spies.

  1. hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

To prove that you are not, your younger brother would have to come. As I would not let you leave here. I swear on the life on Pharaoh.

  1. Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely ye are spies.

Choose among yourselves, one who would go and get the youngest of you, while the rest of you would stay here and remain in prison till he be brought.

  1. And he put them all together into ward three days.

And he put them together in a place for three days to give them enough time to think on who will go.

  1. And Joseph said unto them the third day, This do, and live; for I fear God:

And on the third day, Joseph said…lets do it this way, because I fear God. I don’t want you to suffer or inflict too much pain in you.

  1. if ye be true men, let one of your brethren be bound in the house of your prison: go ye, carry corn for the famine of your houses:

Let one of you remain here, and the 9 others would go and carry food home.

  1. but bring your youngest brother unto me; so shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die. And they did so.

But bring your youngest brother unto me, let your words be verified and none of you will die.

  1. And they said one to another. We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.

And in that moment his brothers began to talk amongst themselves saying…we are guilty about our young one. We saw his demise.

  1. And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required.

And Reuben said…didn’t I tell you all not to commit such sin. And now his blood is being asked on our hand.

  1. And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spake unto them by an interpreter.

Joseph understood what they were saying, but they did not know, because this whole time, he spoke Arabic. They spoke Hebrew. He used the services of a translator, and he had a new name, so there was no way for them to have suspected.

  1. And he turned himself about from them, and wept; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes.

And he left their presence, cried and came back to them. Then he bound up Simeon and told the rest of them to go.

  1. Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore every man’s money into his sack, and to give them provision for the way: and thus did he unto them.

Then Joseph gave the order that their sacks should be filled up and each of their money should be returned into their sacks, and it was so. And they were given provisions to use on the way In case they get hungry.

  1. And they laded their asses with the corn, and departed thence.

And they left.

  1. And as one of them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the inn, he espied his money; for, behold, it was in his sack’s mouth.
  2. And he said unto his brethren, My money is restored; and, lo, it is even in my sack: and their heart failed them, and they were afraid, saying one to another, What is this that God hath done unto us?

On the way, when one of them wanted to feed his donkey, he opened his bag and saw his money and he called unto the others and they asked …what has God done unto us? (It could be for good or evil. Good being that they didn’t lose anything or bad being that they may be considered thieves)

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  1. And they came unto Jacob their father unto the land of Canaan, and told him all that befell unto them; saying,
  2. The man, who is the lord of the land, spake roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country.
  3. And we said unto him, We are true men; we are no spies:
  4. we be twelve brethren, sons of our father; one is not, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.
  5. And the man, the lord of the country, said unto us, Hereby shall I know that ye are true men; leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food for the famine of your households, and be gone:
  6. and bring your youngest brother unto me: then shall I know that ye are no spies, but that ye are true men: so will I deliver you your brother, and ye shall traffic in the land.
  1. And it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man’s bundle of money was in his sack: and when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.

and they emptied their sacks and each if them saw their money as well…

  1. And Jacob their father said unto them, Me have ye bereaved of my children: Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin away: all these things are against me.

They came unto Israel their father and told him of all that happened.
And their father said. I have been deprived of children. Joseph is ‘not’, and now Simeon is not. And now Benjamin would have the same fate.

  1. And Reuben spake unto his father, saying, Slay my two sons, if I bring him not to thee: deliver him into my hand, and I will bring him to thee again.

And Reuben said. If I don’t bring Benjamin unto you, kill my two sons, but let us take him there and let Simeon be released and lets have food.

  1. And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.

And Israel said no. Benjamin is not going with you. His brother is dead, and anything can happen to him as well and if that comes to be, I will just die in pain.

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