Genesis Chapter 31 (Review)

  1. And he heard the words of Laban’s sons, saying, Jacob hath taken away all that was our fathers; and of that which was our fathers hath he gotten all this glory.

Laban’s sons then began to say everywhere that Jacob took all that was their fathers and he became rich off their father.

  1. And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban, and, behold, it was not toward him as before.

Then Jacob himself saw that Laban didn’t behave in the same way towards him.

  1. And the Lord said unto Jacob, Return unto the land of thy fathers, and to thy kindred; and I will be with thee.

And the Lord then told Jacob to go to his father’s people and He would be with him.

  1. And Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to the field unto his flock,

Jacob then sent for Leah and Rachel.

  1. And said unto them, I see your father’s countenance, that it is not toward me as before; but the God of my father hath been with me.

He then said…I’ve noticed that your father’s attitude towards me has changed. But God has been with me.

  1. And ye know that with all my power I have served your father.

You as well know I have served your father with all my strength.

  1. And your father hath deceived me, and changed my wages ten times; but God suffered him not to hurt me.

And in all these years he had deceived me, changed my pay several times, but God did not allow him harm me.

  1. If he said thus, The speckled shall be thy wages; then all the cattle bare speckled: and if he said thus, The ring-streaked shall be thy hire; then bare all the cattle ring-streaked.

If he had said the cattle that are born with speckles are yours, (even as he said) the cattle would have bare speckled calf (as it happened). Whatever the requirement, it would Favour me. He kept changing the wages.

  1. Thus God hath taken away the cattle of your father, and given them to me.

God took away the cattle of your father and gave me.

  1. And it came to pass at the time that the cattle conceived, that I lifted up mine eyes, and saw in a dream, and, behold, the rams which leaped upon the cattle were ring-streaked, speckled, and grizzled.

When the cattle became pregnant, I saw in a dream that he males that mated with them were spotted, speckled or grizzled.

  1. And the angel of God spake unto me in a dream, saying, Jacob: and I said, Here am I.
  2. And he said, Lift up now thine eyes, and see, all the rams which leap upon the cattle are ring-streaked, speckled, and grizzled: for I have seen all that Laban doeth unto thee.

Then an angel spoke to me in that dream that I should see that those who mate with the cattle have some other colour, and it is because the Lord has seen what Laban did unto me (It wasn’t the work of the rods per se).

  1. I am the God of Beth-el, where thou anointedst the pillar, and where thou vowedst a vow unto me: now arise, get thee out from this land, and return unto the land of thy kindred.

I am the God of bethel. Where you set up a pillar and vowed to me (God accepted the vow). Now pack up and go home.

  1. And Rachel and Leah answered and said unto him, Is there yet any portion or inheritance for us in our father’s house

Rachel and Leah then asked…is there inheritance for us with Laban now because of what has happened?

  1. Are we not counted of him strangers? For he hath sold us, and hath quite devoured also our money.

Now we are strangers to him. He sold us to you and has spent our money.

  1. For all the riches which God hath taken from our father, that is ours, and our children’s: now then, whatsoever God hath said unto thee, do.

For the riches which God took from our father, now belongs to us and our children, whatever God tells you, do.

  1. Then Jacob rose up, and set his sons and his wives upon camels;

Then Jacob sent his wives and children on camels

  1. And he carried away all his cattle, and all his goods which he had gotten, the cattle of his getting, which he had gotten in Padan-aram, for to go to Isaac his father in the land of Canaan.

He led the flock by foot.  Carried his goods and all he acquired while he was with Laban.


  1. And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the images that were her father’s.

Before Rachel left, she stole her father’s idols/gods (idolatry was very much available)

  1. And Jacob stole away unawares to Laban the Syrian, in that he told him not that he fled.

Jacob did not tell Laban he was leaving.

  1. So he fled with all that he had; and he rose up, and passed over the river, and set his face toward the mount Gilead.

So, Jacob left with all his belongings.

  1. And it was told Laban on the third day, that Jacob was fled.

3 days after Jacob left, Laban was told that he left.

  1. And he took his brethren with him, and pursued after him seven days’ journey; and they overtook him in the mount Gilead.

Laban then took his brethren and they pursued after Jacob. Remember he went by foot because of flock. And they caught up with him.

  1. And God came to Laban the Syrian in a dream by night, and said unto him, Take heed that thou speak not to Jacob either good or bad.

Be careful of what you do to Jacob. Whether good or bad. I am watching.

  1. Then Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the mount: and Laban with his brethren pitched in the mount of Gilead.

Jacob pitched his tent on the mountain with his wives and family…so did Laban

  1. And Laban said to Jacob, What hast thou done, that thou hast stolen away unawares to me, and carried away my daughters, as captives taken with the sword?

Then they overtook him …what have you done. You have stolen from me unawares and taken my daughters captive.

  1. Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and steal away from me; and didst not tell me, that I might have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with tabret, and with harp ?

You now left secretly and stole and didn’t even tell me. I might have sent you away with goods and songs (a celebration/feast)

  1. And hast not suffered me to kiss my sons and my daughters? Thou hast now done foolishly in so doing.

You didn’t allow me bid my daughters and grandchildren farewell. Why so stupid?

  1. It is in the power of my hand to do you hurt: but the God of your father spake unto me yesternight, saying, Take thou heed that thou speak not to Jacob either good or bad.

I can hurt you right now, but GOD OF YOUR FATHER spoke to me in a dream not to do such.

  1. And now, though thou wouldest needs be gone, because thou sore longedst after thy father’s house, yet wherefore hast thou stolen my gods?

You would have to go because your mind is aimed towards your father’s house…but where are my idols. (Laban was into idol worship…but he recognized that God was with Jacob and he referred to God as not my God but God of your fathers).

  1. And Jacob answered and said to Laban, Because I was afraid: for I said, Peradventure thou wouldest take by force thy daughters from me.

Jacob said…I was afraid you would forcefully take your daughters away from me.

  1. With whomsoever thou findest thy gods, let him not live: before our brethren discern thou what is thine with me, and take it to thee. For Jacob knew not that Rachel had stolen them.

Whoever you find your ‘gods’ with, kill the person. He had no idea Rachel took them.

  1. And Laban went into Jacob’s tent, and into Leah’s tent, and into the two maidservants’ tents; but he found them not. Then went he out of Leah’s tent, and entered into Rachel’s tent.
  2. Now Rachel had taken the images, and put them in the camel’s furniture, and sat upon them. And Laban searched all the tent, but found them not.
  3. And she said to her father, Let it not displease my lord that I cannot rise up before thee; for the custom of women is upon me. And he searched, but found not the images.

Then the search began. Jacob was searched, Leah as well, and Rachel. And the maids…who were now wives. Now Rachel sat on the gods. But she told her dad she couldn’t get up because she was menstruating. So the gods were not found.

  1. And Jacob was worth, and chode with Laban: and Jacob answered and said to Laban, What is my trespass? What is my sin, that thou hast so hotly pursued after me?

Then Jacob got angry at Laban. What did I do wrong? What did I do to deserve this?…that you chased me all the way.

  1. Whereas thou hast searched all my stuff, what hast thou found of all thy household stuff? set it here before my brethren and thy brethren, that they may judge betwixt us both.

Now you have searched all I have. And you didn’t find anything. If you do, bring it out. Before everyone and let it be the judge between me and you.

  1. This twenty years have I been with thee; thy ewes and thy she goats have not cast their young, and the rams of thy flock have I not eaten.

I served you for twenty years and on those years I didn’t even eat your Rams.

  1. That which was torn of beasts I brought not unto thee; I bare the loss of it; of my hand didst thou require it, whether stolen by day, or stolen by night.

The things that were stolen or killed, I replaced with mine…I didn’t bring any of such bad news to you…

  1. Thus I was; in the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from mine eyes.

So many times because of watching out for your flock under the sun, thirst held me down, and cold in the night as well.

  1. Thus have I been twenty years in thy house: I served thee fourteen years for thy two daughters, and six years for thy cattle; and thou hast changed my wages ten times.

I’ve been with you 20 years. 14years for your daughters, 6years for cattle. And yet you changed my pay time after time.

  1. Except the God of my father, the God of Abraham, and the fear of Isaac, had been with me, surely thou hadst sent me away now empty. God hath seen mine affliction and the labor of my hands, and rebuked thee yesternight.

If not that the God of my fathers was with me, you would have sent me away empty. But he showed up to you yesterday and rebuked you.

  1. And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, These daughters are my daughters, and these children are my children, and these cattle are my cattle, and all that thou seest is mine: and what can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children which they have borne?
  2. Now therefore come thou, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee.

And Laban are my daughters and my grandchildren. All you see is mine. What can I do?
Let us make a covenant, you and I

  1. And Jacob took a stone, and set it up for a pillar.

Jacob then took a stone and set it up as a pillar.


  1. And Jacob said unto his brethren, Gather stones; and they took stones, and made a heap: and they did eat there upon the heap.

Jacob told everyone to get her stones. And they gathered the stones into a heap, and they ate there.

  1. And Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha [the heap of witness]: but Jacob called it Galeed [the heap of witness].
  2. And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed,
  3. And Mizpah [a beacon or watchtower]; for he said, The Lord watch between me and thee, when we are absent one from another.

And they named it…heap of witness.

And he said…God watch between us when we are far away from each other.

  1. If thou shalt afflict my daughters, or if thou shalt take other wives beside my daughters, no man is with us; see, God is witness betwixt me and thee.

If you take other wives aside the ones you have now, or afflict them, God is the judge and witness between you and I.

  1. And Laban said to Jacob, Behold this heap, and behold this pillar, which I have cast betwixt me and thee;
  2. This heap be witness, and this pillar be witness, that I will not pass over this heap to thee, and that thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillar unto me, for harm.

This heap and pillar would be our witness. I will not pass over the heap to harm you and you will not pass over the pillar to harm me.

  1. The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacob sware by the fear of his father Isaac.
  2. Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat bread, and tarried all night in the mount.

Then Jacob offered sacrifice on the mountain and invited everyone to eat bread, and they ate and stayed there overnight.

  1. And early in the morning Laban rose up, and kissed his sons and his daughters, and blessed them: and Laban departed, and returned unto his place.

And in the morning, Laban kissed his daughters and grandsons+daughter and bid them farewell.


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