- And there was a famine in the land, besides the first famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the Philistines unto Gerar.
And there was a famine in the land again. And it was much different from the famine in the time of Abraham. And Isaac went unto Abimelech. In the land where Abraham dwelt.
NOTE: Understand that ABIMELECH is a ruler of a Philistine nation just as Pharaoh is a ruler of an Egyptian nation. So, seeing ‘Abimelech’ does not necessarily imply that it is the same person Abraham met.
- And the Lord appeared unto him, and said, Go not down into Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall tell thee of.
- Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I sware unto Abraham thy father;
- and I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed:
- Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.
- And Isaac dwelt in Gerar.
Remember, the first time, Abraham went to Egypt and not to Gerar. But this time around, Isaac was told of the lord not to go DOWN into Egypt. Go to a land I will show you. And behold, he showed him the land of Gerar.
Stay in Gerar and I will be with you and bless you…I will give you all these countries. I will fulfil my covenant of Abraham with you and your offspring.
Then, mentioning fragments of the Abraham covenant, he said, your seed will be like the stars of the sky, I will give these countries to your seed, and by your seed will all the nations of the world be blessed. At this point, he became the carrier of Abraham’s covenant.
Simply because, Abraham obeyed me and walked before me, and Isaac did dwell in Gerar.
- And the men of the place asked him of his wife; and he said, she is my sister: for he feared to say, She is my wife; lest, said he, the men of the place should kill me for Rebekah; because she was fair to look upon.
Now Rebecca was beautiful, and when Isaac was asked of his wife, he said …’she is my sister’…repeating exactly what Abraham did. (Maybe he would later say she is his sister per se considering that she’s a cousin).
- And it came to pass, when he had been there a long time, that Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out at a window, and saw, and, behold, Isaac was sporting with Rebekah his wife.
After a while, Abimelech looked out of the window and saw Isaac making out with Rebecca.
- And Abimelech called Isaac, and said, Behold, of a surety she is thy wife: and how saidst thou, She is my sister? And Isaac said unto him, because I said, lest I die for her.
Then he called Isaac and said…she is clearly your wife, why would you call her your sister? Then he said it’s because he didn’t want to die for her 😒😒
- And Abimelech said, what is this thou hast done unto us? One of the people might lightly have lain with thy wife, and thou shouldest have brought guiltiness upon us.
One of the people might have (because you said she is your sister) had something to do with her and you would have brought guilt upon us all.
- And Abimelech charged all his people, saying, He that toucheth this man or his wife shall surely be put to death.
Then Abimelech made a rule that whoever touches Rebecca would be killed.
- Then Isaac sowed in that land, and received in the same year a hundredfold: and the Lord blessed him.
Isaac sowed in that land and got a hundred fold…because the Lord blessed him.
- And the man waxed great, and went forward, and grew until he became very great:
He waxed great, went forward, and became very great. (Exceeding great)
- For he had possession of flocks, and possession of herds, and great store of servants: and the Philistines envied him.
He had of flocks, herds, and great store of servants: and the Philistines hated/were jealous (of) him.
- For all the wells which his father’s servants had digged in the days of Abraham his father, the Philistines had stopped them, and filled them with earth.
BECAUSE THEY HATED HIM, THEY BLOCKED ALL THE WELLS HIS FATHER (Abraham) built. They filled it with sand.
- And Abimelech said unto Isaac, Go from us; for thou art much mightier than we.
What didn’t even happen in Abrahams time happened (+there was already an oath between Abraham and Abimelech on the wells) Abimelech told him to leave, because he is much mightier than them all.
- And Isaac departed thence, and pitched his tent in the valley of Gerar, and dwelt there.
Isaac then left the city of Gerar to the valley of Gerar.
- And Isaac digged again the wells of water, which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham: and he called their names after the names by which his father had called them.
Then Isaac re-dug Abraham’s wells and named them the name Abraham named them.
- And Isaac’s servants digged in the valley, and found there a well of springing water.
Then Isaac’s men were digging and they found (a well of) springing water.
- And the herdmen of Gerar did strive with Isaac’s herdmen, saying, The water is ours: and he called the name of the well Esek [contention]; because they strove with him.
The herdsmen of Gerar then came to say the water was theirs and there was strife.
And Isaac named it Esek (strive/quarrel)
- And they digged another well, and strove for that also: and he called the name of it Sitnah [hatred].
Then after a while he dug another one and the herdsmen of Gerar came again…and caused strife. Then he named it Sitnah (hatred/accusation)
- And he removed from thence, and digged another well; and for that they strove not: and he called the name of it Rehoboth [room]; and he said, For now the Lord hath made room for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land.
He left that well as well (😂😜😂🤓 I should get an award for this) and he dug another well…and the men of gerar didn’t cause strife on this one (they just knew Isaac would always find a way)’ then Isaac called the well Rehoboth (room/open space)…and he said the Lord had made room for us and we shall be fruitful in the land.
- And he went up from thence to Beer-sheba.
Then Isaac went to beer-Sheba.
- And the Lord appeared unto him the same night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father: fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for my servant Abraham’s sake.
I am the God of Abraham, FEAR NOT, FOR I AM WITH THEE, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed simply because of my ‘servant’ Abraham’s sake. Confirming that he is the carrier of the covenant.
- And he builded an altar there, and called upon the name of the Lord, and pitched his tent there: and there Isaac’s servants digged a well.
Then he built an altar there, called on God, pitched his tent and started digging a well but had not finished digging/had not found water. (Altars were built wherever God appears to one, because it is believed that the presence of God is domiciled there).
- Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, and Phichol the chief captain of his army.
In Abraham’s time, it was just two of them….but this time around, now they took Ahuzzath along. Isaac had already left Gerar, yet they went to meet him.
- And Isaac said unto them, Wherefore come ye to me, seeing ye hate me, and have sent me away from you?
And Isaac asked why they came for him, considering the fact that they hate him and sent him away from their midst.
- And they said, We saw certainly that the Lord was with thee : and we said, Let there be now an oath betwixt us, even betwixt us and thee, and let us make a covenant with thee
- that thou wilt do us no hurt, as we have not touched thee, and as we have done unto thee nothing but good, and have sent thee away in peace: thou art now the blessed of the Lord.
They came for the same reason they came during the time of Abraham. They knew he waxed great and had God on his side.
Let’s make an oath, we didn’t touch you, so please don’t touch us (trying to avoid future clash) and we sent you away in peace and not exile/by force.
- And he made them a feast, and they did eat and drink.
Then he made them a feast and they ate and drank. Their mini-dispute had been settled.
- And they rose up betimes in the morning, and sware one to another: and Isaac sent them away, and they departed from him in peace.
And in the morning, they swore, then Abimelech and co, departed from them.
- And it came to pass the same day, that Isaac’s servants came, and told him concerning the well which they had digged, and said unto him, we have found water.
THEN AFTER MAKING PEACE, THE WELL ISAAC’S SERVANTS HAD BEEN DIGGING TO NO AVAIL, FINALLY BROUGHT FORTH WTER.
- And he called it Shebah: therefore the name of the city is Beer-sheba unto this day.
And he named it the well of oath.
- And Esau was forty years old when he took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite:
When Esau was 40 (same age Isaac took wife), he took himself two wives. Like Lamech. He took Judith and Bashemath.
- Which were a grief of mind unto Isaac and to Rebekah.
And it brought bitterness to Isaac and Rebecca….why? Two wives firstly and then also, because he married Hittithes. On a norm he was to go back to his father’s people to get a wife. But now he would corrupt the bloodline.