Genesis Chapter 18 (Review)

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  1. And the Lord appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

God appeared to Abraham in the plains of Mamre (that’s where Abraham has been since Chapter 13:18) and Abraham was sitting by the tent door when the Sun was up. Abraham was sitting when the Lord appeared unto him.

  1. and he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,

Then he looked up and saw 3men and he ran to them and bowed himself down. HE WAS ABLE TO RECOGNISE.

  1. and said, My Lord, if now I have found favor in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant:

‘MY LORD’ (for 3 men) If I have found favour in your sight, DO NOT GO FROM HERE LORD.

  1. let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:

Let me organise little water that your feet may be washed (considering that they journeyed from far or he was just trying to be a servant) and for you to rest under the tree.

  1. And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, so do, as thou hast said.

Let me at least get you food because you have come by your servant, then if you wish, you can go after eating. And they (3 of em) said ‘do as you have said’

  1. And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth.

He ran in to meet with Sarah and told her to make three portions of fine flour, knead it, and make bread.

  1. And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetched a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.

He then ran to his stock and fetched a fine calf and told one of his boys to dress it

  1. And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.

When the calf was dressed, he took it along with butter and milk and he stood – while they sat and ate.

  1. And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent.

And ‘they’ asked of Sarah and he told them she was in the tent.

  1. And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent door, which was behind him.

Amd ‘HE’ said ‘I will return’. (One Spoke. He. Remember that the Lord appeared to Abraham…) Sarah will have a son. And Sarah was by the tent and she heard it.

  1. Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.
  2. Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?

Abraham and Sarah were old and for that reason, Sarah said to herself…..as old as I am, would I still have sexual relations with this man…even as he is old as well?… (it was not with Sarah as it was with other women means she happened to be the first so-far-barren woman).

  1. And the Lord said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?

The Lord must have felt bad again and He said ‘why did Sarah say ‘can I have children now that I am old?’ This establishes that the Lord was present amongst the three ‘men’

  1. Is anything too hard for the Lord? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.

IS ANYTHING TOO HARD FOR THE LORD? When the time is right, I will return and Sarah would have a son.

  1. Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, nay; but thou didst laugh.

Then Sarah was afraid and she said she did not laugh. And the Lord said ‘you did’

  1. And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way.

Then the men rose and looked towards Sodom and Abraham came forth to lead the way

  1. And the Lord said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do;

And the Lord said…shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do?….(when you walk with God, things of the Lord will be revealed unto you).

  1. seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him ?

…Considering that he will be a father to many nations and by him will all nations be blessed.

  1. For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.

(This is the reason) I know him…that he will make his family and descendants walk before me.

  1. And the Lord said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous,

The cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great…and so are their sins.

  1. I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.

I will go and see if they have done anything according to the tears they shed and I will know if they have done anything about it.

  1. And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before the Lord.

The men then turned and wanted to aim towards Sodom, but Abraham blocked them and stood before the Lord. Now the Lord is/was one of them. So they were leaving and then Abraham stood before one. The Lord. Meaning two others went forth.

  1. And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?

And Abraham said…will you destroy the righteous with the wicked?… if so, 3=what then differentiates them from each other?

  1. Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?

If there are 50 righteous people, will you destroy the city along with them?

  1. That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked; and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee : Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

You are the judge of all the earth and I know You always do right, but…should the righteous suffer the same fate as the wicked?

  1. And the Lord said, if I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.

The Lord then said if He finds 50 righteous in Sodom, he would spare the whole city

  1. And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust and ashes:

Ah. Look now…me!…dust and ashes, opening my mouth anyhow to talk to my creator.

  1. Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, if I find there forty and five, I will not destroy it.

But then he kept talking…what if they happened to be 45 and not 50? The Lord maintained his response of not destroying the city.

  1. And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for forty’s sake.

How about 40? The response was still the same.

  1. And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there.

Lord please, don’t be angry..but…30? Same response.

  1. And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for twenty’s sake.

Ah. I’ve decided to speak to the Lord concerning these people…Lord, and 20? Same response.

  1. And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten’s sake.

Lord, how about 10? And the Lord said he would spare the city for 10. Abraham had made a good intervention in his mind and was feeling good. I mean, in a whole city, how would there not be 10righteous people?

  1. And the Lord went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.

The Lord then went his way (it wasn’t mentioned that He headed unto Sodom as well), and so did Abraham.

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